Below are the details of the marble inlay work items-how the price is determined, various color combinations, types of stones and marble used, design etc which will help you in knowing about this inlay work.

Marble Inlay
Is a traditional art form with just a few master experts left, Marble Inlay is a delicate process that involves carefully cutting and engraving marble shapes by hand. Slices of coloured stones (precious and semi-precious) are then delicately laid into the marble with adhesive. Mainly semi-precious stones are used and these are LAPISLAZULI, MALACHITE,CORAL,CORNELIAN, ETC to name a few.
Mainly two craftsmen work on an item-one who shapes the stones and turn their slices into flowers, leaves and buds and second who engraves the marble and fixes the shaped stones in the grooves made for these shaped stones. But before the work starts on an item there is master craftsman who designs on a piece of paper and creates new and beautiful designs. Nowadays there is hardly anyone who can creates new flowers, leaves and buds which we have as we have been lucky to have my father who has in the past created many designs. Some examples of his sketch work is given here.
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PRICES

How is the cost of the marble inlay items determined
Prices of each and every item is given along with the shipping cost with each product.  Here we are just giving the factors which determines  the prices of the inlay items. Prices of inlay  items don’t depend on the size but depend on the following factors.

 

1)QUANTITY OF STONESMore stones in an article means more prices and less stones means less  price.  If the size of two articles is same then the one having more stones will be more in price compared with the one having  fewer stones; provided that the quality of workmanship is same and  the semi- precious stones used for inlay are also same.

 2) QUALITY OF WORKMANSHIP: Quality of workmanship depends on -

 a) Size of the stones :The smaller the size of the stones used for inlay, the higher the quality. In Small size of inlay work the flowers, leaves, buds are small in size compared to the big work. Most of the items on our website belongs to this category except few table tops.

Inlay Work with bigger size of stones is easier to do and hence it is cheaper. The work with BIGGER STONES   (see an example) is known as  IMARTI WORK-meaning done in Mughal monuments in Agra, Delhi and in other parts of the Mughal empire. Other examples of work with bigger stones are Marble inlay table top WIOC-311128Black Marble inlay table-top-BIOC-48135 This type of work we normally do in some big table tops especially in black table tops.Black table tops with big inlay are normally cheaper than table tops with small inlay. This bigger inlay work is suitable for Medallions, border tiles, Floor decoration, or for any other surface which requires large scale inlay.

b) Intricacy in the workmanship: joining of many pieces of stones together to create the flowers, leaves or buds increases the intricacy in the workmanship. So the flowers, leaves and buds with more joints take more time to make. Therefore the items having such workmanship are more in price compared to items having less intricate work.

c) Fitting of the stones in marble-This is very important aspect of inlay work. In a bad work there are gaps between marble and stones. This shows glue in the item. All the hard work in designing and shaping of the stones will go to waste if the stones are not fitted properly. Though the little glue is inevitable even in the highest quality as this hand work.


3)TYPES OF STONES USED: Malachite, Lapis lazuli, Coral, Turquoise, Cornelian are costlier than other stones. If these stones are used predominantly in inlay work; then the prices are more  in comparison to items which have cheaper stones..

  Thus the prices depends on the above three factors. If in any 2 given items 1&2 are same then the price will depend on 3. If 1&3 are same then 2 would determine the price. If 2&3 are same then 1 determines the price.

Therefore if somebody wants to gets the cost reduced then it is possible to reduce the quantity of stones in that item without compromising on the quality.

 

COLOR COMBINATION OF VARIOUS MARBLE INLAY ITEMS

Various colour combinations for the marble inlay items are given below:-

1.Multiple colour combination --where we use many semi-precious stones lapis Lazuli (blue), Malachite (green), Cornelian (orange), Paua shell (colourful shining),mother of pearl (white shining).Coral (red).

2. One colour: -- lapis lazuli, Malachite, Cornelian, papa shell is used mainly with little use of other stones.
3. Combination of Two stonesExamples of two colour combinations are given below. Besides these there are also other possibilities.
A) Lapis & Malachite (blue & green),

b) Lapis &Paua shell. (Blue& shining)

c) Lapis & Cornelian (blue & orange)

d) Malachite & Cornelian (green & orange),

E) Malachite &Paua shell, (green & shining)

f) Cornelian & Paua Shell (orange & shining),

EXCEPT A FEW EXCEPTIONS ANY DESIGN CAN BE MADE IN DIFFERENT COLOR COMBINATIONS STATED ABOVE WHICH MEANS IF A PERSON DOESN’T LIKE A COLOR COMBINATION OF ANY DESIGN IT CAN BE CHANGED TO OTHER COLOR COMBINATION OF THEIR CHOICE.

WE CAN ALSO SHOW YOU THE COLOR COMBINATION BEFORE WE START MAKING THE ACTUAL ITEM.

HOW TO JUDGE THE QUALITY OF INLAY WORK.

1. DESIGN-- When judging the quality of inlay work the first and foremost factor is the beautiful design. Beautiful design is created by a master craftsman on a piece of paper. Beautiful design creation is not an easy job. The artist who can draw beautiful and new flowers, leaves, buds and arrange them in the beautiful manner is in position to create a beautiful design.

2DISTRIBUTION OF COLORS IN AN ITEM-  A very important factor in creating a beautiful piece of art. What colour of flower go where is very important to create the desired effect.

3. SELECTION OF THE BEST SEMI-PRECIOUS STONES--Selection of good quality of stones is very important. Let’s take an example of Lapis lazuli where deeper blue colour with no or very little white inclusions is considered to be the best. Too many of white inclusions in a part of flower or leaves will not produce the desired result. Though there are exceptions for eg in Italian designs table tops Lapis lazuli with white inclusions is used freely. 

4. SHAPING OF THE STONES.

5. CHOOSING THE BEST QUALITY OF MARBLE.

6. THE QUALITY OF INLAY OF STONES IN MARBLE i.e. the Fitting of stones in marble is very important for an item. If the fitting of stones is good there is no glue seen between marble and stones and if there is loose fitting then white glue is seen as you can see in this marble inlay pendent. 

7. POLISHING 

 



VARIOUS LAYOUTS FOR INLAY WORK

Most of the marble inlay items will have basically these three types of arrangement for covering the surface and this arrangement factor determines the cost of the items.

The designs are made by using different layout---

1. Full of work--The whole surface is covered with inlay work. Normally the design is geometrical pattern in this layout but it can be floral also.

2. Combination of center design with border design------In this there is a border design in combination with a center design. The border can be of any width from 1.5" to 5" or more i.e. 4 cms to 12 cms. The width of the border design depends on the size of the table top.

3. Border design only---In this there is only a border design on the edge of the table top. The rest of the innerspace is plain. The border can be of any width from 1.5" to 5" or more i.e. 4 cms to 12 cms or more. The width of the border design depends on the size of the table top. 

 

SEMI-PRECIOUS STONES AND OTHER STONES USED IN THE INLAY WORK 

1.        LAPISLAZULI (Afghanistan),  ----------------BLUE

2.        MALACHITE  (South  Africa),  ---------------GREEN

3.        TURQUOISE   (Iran),  --------------------------SKY BLUE

4.        CORAL (Italy),------------------------------------RED

5.        CORNELIAN (India),  ---------------------------ORANGE

6.        PAUA SHELL (New Zealand) -----------------COLORFUL SHINY

7.        JASPER---------------------------------------------RED

8.        AGATE----------------------------------------------ORANGE,RED

9.        JADE-------------------------------------------------GREEN